In summary, the essence of Taopsychotherapy is that the feelings of the therapist are utilized to treat the nuclear feelings of the patient, which hold sway over the patient’s mind and behaviour throughout his/her life at every moment. In order to understand the patient’s feelings, the therapist should have and develop compassion, which can be attained by resolution of therapist’s nuclear feelings through purification of the mind.

The goal of western psychoanalysis/psychotherapy and eastern Tao is the same and the only difference is one of degree or level. In other words, the process of western psychoanalysis and Zen practice are the same, up to a particular point.

Also, the principles of Taopsychotherapy are not applied differently according to the identification of various different mental disorders. The fundamental philosophical background in Taopsychotherapy is to be aware of reality and accept reality as it is.

This is the basis of eastern traditional thought.

The holistic view of understanding ‘body-mind’ as a unity shares the same philosophical base in terms of reality.

■ Acknowledgements

The author wishes to express deep appreciation to Professor RHEE Dongshick for providing sagely advice and guidance in preparing this paper and also, thank Ms. Sharon Summers for her assistance with suggesting better expression of my translation from Korean to English.


Barrett W(ed.)(1956):Zen Buddhism:Selected Writings of D.T. Suzuki. New York:Doubleday Company
Binswanger L, Needleman J(trans.)(1963):Being-in the-World:Selected papers of Ludwig Binswanger.
New York:Basic Books

Boss M, RHEE DS(1992):‘Dialogue between Prof. Medard Boss and Prof. RHEE Dongshick’, Psychotherapy,
Vol. 6, No.1, pp30-43

Boss M(1963):Psychoanalysis and Daseinsanalysis. New York:Basic Books, pp259-260

Boss M, Frey HJ(trans.)(1965):A Psychiatrist Discovers India. London:Wolff

Craig E(1988):‘Introduction:Daseinsanalysis:A Quest for Essentials’, in Special Issue, Psychotherapy for
Freedom:The Daseinsanalytic Way in Psychology and Psychoanalysis, The Humanistic Psychologist,
Vol. 16, No 1, Spring, pp1-23

Frank J(1998):‘A conversation with Jerome Frank’. Counseling Today, August 1998(Online version)

Goldberg A(1980):Advances in Self Psychology. New York:International Universities Press

Heidegger M(1927):Sein und Zeit. Halle:Niemeyer

Kandel E(2001):‘Kandel Uses Lecture to Change Minds of Psychiatrists’. Psychiatric News, Vol. 36, No.12,
American Psychiatric Association

Kang SH(1990):‘The Profile of Professor RHEE Dongshick’, in Proceedings of The First Joint Academic Meeting between the Korean Academy of Psychotherapists and the American Academy of Psychoanalysis in Commemoration of Professor RHEE Dongshick’s Kohi(70th Birthday), pp27-36

Kang SH(1996):‘Integration of East and West Psychotherapy:Professor RHEE Dongshick’s Case Paper’. Paper presented to First Meeting of the Asia Pacific Association of Psychotherapy, Bali, Indonesia, 27 October

Oh GS(1980):Lectures on The Awakening of Faith [Mahayana-Sraddhotpada Shastra], Seoul:Boryungak,
pp216-217(in Korean)

RHEE DS(1960):‘A Case of Psychogenic Headache, Cured with Brief Psychotherapy’. Korean Medicine,
Vol. 3, No.2, pp100-101

RHEE DS(1970):‘Research on Psychotherapy of Korean Patients’. New Medical Journal, Vol. 1, No.9,

RHEE DS(1976):‘Process of the Tao Practice and Psychotherapy’. Paper presented to the 10th Meeting of
the International Federation for Medical Psychotherapy, Paris, France

RHEE DS(1979):‘The Tao and Western Psychotherapy’. Paper presented to the 11th Meeting of the International
Federation for Medical Psychotherapy, Amsterdam, Netherlands

RHEE DS(1984):‘Assimilation of Western Psychotherapy in Asia’. Psychotherapy, Vol.1, No.1, pp41-46

RHEE DS(1988):‘Asian Foundations of Psychotherapy:The Tao and Psychotherapy’. Paper presented to
the 2nd Pan-Asia Pacific Conference on Mental Health, Beijing, China

RHEE DS(1989):‘The Tao and Taoistic Intervention’. Paper presented at the Winter meeting of the American
Academy of Psychoanalysis, Florida, USA, December

RHEE DS(1990):‘The Tao, Psychoanalysis and Existential Thought’. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics,
Vol. 53, pp21-27

RHEE DS(1991):‘Psychotherapy:East and West’. Paper presented to the 15th Meeting of the International
Federation for Psychotherapy, Hanover, Germany

RHEE DS(1993a):‘Integration of East and West Psychotherapy’. in Proceedings of The First Joint Academic
Meeting between the Korean Academy of Psychotherapists and the American Academy of Psychoanalysis
in Comme-moration of Professor RHEE Dongshick’s Kohi(70th Birthday), pp27-36

HEE DS(1993b):‘The Tao and Empathy:East Asian Interpretation’. Psychotherapy, Vol. 7, No.1, pp7-19 Rogers CR(1980):A Way of Being. Boston:Houghton Mifflin


Alexander FG(1946):Psychoanalytic Therapy:Principles and Application. New York:Ronald Press

Bonime W(1962):The Clinical Use of Dreams. New York:Basic Books

Saul LJ(1977):Childhood Emotional Pattern:The Key to Personality, Its Disorders and Therapy. New York:Van Nostrand Reinhold

Seguin CA(1965):Love and Psychotherapy. New York:Libra Publishers International Forum on Taopsychotherapy and Western Psychotherapy
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Untitled Document
Copyright(c) 2004 Korean Academy of psychotherapists. All rights reserved.
※ Ten-Oxen-Pictures illustrate the process of purification of mind. Pictures of this site are Ten-Oxen-Pictures of Songgwangsa Temple.